Legislative power is vested in the government, and the “ Stortinget ”, which consists of politicians elected within a multi-party system. The Storting is the supreme legislature of Norway, located in Oslo. The parliament has 169 members, and is elected every four years based on party-list proportional representation in nineteen plural member constituencies. The assembly is led by a presidium of a president and five vice presidents.
The political parties in Stortinget are:
- Arbeiderpartiet (Labor Party)
- Høyre (Conservatives)
- Fremskrittspartiet (Conservative liberal and liberatrian)
- Venstre (Liberals)
- Kristelig Folkeparti (Christian Democrats)
- Sosialistisk Venstreparti (Socialists)
- Senterpartiet (Center Agrarian Party)
- Miljøpartiet De Grønne (The Green Party)
- Rødt (Red party)
The Constitution of Norway was first adopted on May 16, 1814 by the Norwegian Constituent Assembly at Eidsvoll, then signed and dated May 17. It was considered one of the most radically democratic constitutions in the world at the time, and is today the oldest single-document national constitution in Europe – the second oldest in the world – still in continuous force. May 17th is now the National Day of Norway.
In Norway we practice freedom of religion.That means that you can belong to any religion or choose to not be religious.
In 2012 the government in Norway decided to change the part of our constitution that holds state and church together. There has been a work in progress to make a reform to put this into practice, and it was put into ation from January 2017. Church and state are now separated.
In 2017, Norwegian Parliamentary and Sami Parliamentary elections will be held in Norway. The election day is Monday 11 September 2017. Many municipalities have also elections on Sunday, 10 September.